The recently enacted federal health care reform laws will have monetary, labor negotiation, and legal impacts on employers. Though many of the provisions in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (Pub. L. No. 111-148), as amended by the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010 (Pub. L. No. 111-152), will take effect in 2014 or later, some provisions will become effective in 2010 and 2011. As such, employers will need to prepare now to handle the laws’ impacts.